wind farm in iran

wind farm in iran

This article discuss the development and implementation of Wind farm in iran .

Iran has relied primarily on a fossil fuel-based energy sector to power its country.

However, in the last decade Iran has made steps to decrease its dependency on fossil fuels by investing in the renewable energy of Wind farm.

This article discuss the process as well as the reasons for Iran's interest in renewable energy; the positive and negative effects as a result of the presence of Wind farm in iran ; the political dynamics occurring in Iran; and its attempt to also invest in nuclear energy as well.

Recent years

Wind farm in iran  has been experiencing a growth in wind generation in recent years, and has a plan to substantially increase wind generation each year.

In 2006, Iran generated 45 megawatts of electricity from Wind farm  (ranked 30th in the world). This was a 40% increase over 32 megawatts in 2005.

Total wind generation in 2004 was 25 megawatts out of 33,000 megawatts total electrical generation capacity for the country.

In 2008, Iran's Wind farm plants in Manjil (in Gilan province) and Binaloud (in Razavi Khorasan province) produce 128 megawatts of electricity.

By 2009, Iran had Wind farm capacity of 130 MW

International Persian Group is a well known domestic manufacturer in this field.

India's Sulzon Energy and Germany's Siemens are also potential providers of wind turbines to Iran.

Iran is a member of the Global Wind Energy Council.

Information on Iran

Iran is a Shia Islamic Republic which is located in the Middle East bordering Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan.

Iran has primarily relied on fossil fuel emissions for its source of energy as a result of the abundance of oil in the region. Iran is one of the larger countries in the Middle East both in geographical size and in population.

Iran's population has greatly increased in the last twenty years with an estimated 75 million people.

With such a large increase in population Iran's energy needs have also increased greatly.

Although oil is a great source of energy, it is very harmful to the environment and is a very sought-after and desired energy resource based on the world's dependence and high rate of consumption of it.

Energy needs

With such a high demand for oil, many countries in the Middle East (e.g. Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Afghanistan, and Kuwait) have all been involved in armed conflicts with western oil interests. With the political battle for oil raging in the region for over 30 years now and with fewer Middle Eastern allies, Iran has started to expand its energy sector to try meets its growing needs.

While Iran has been investing in nuclear energy since the 1950s, in the last 15 years they have dedicated much more time and resources to strengthen their nuclear program. Nuclear energy produced by refining of uranium is an excellent source of energy and is a strong alternative in the face of falling oil sales and a growing population.

However the United States and their allies such as Israel, Great Britain, France, etc. have expressed fears that Iran's nuclear program is really to achieve nuclear weapons of mass destruction which threaten the safety and stability of countries in the region, as well as the world. As a result, the United States imposed strong sanctions against Iran extremely limiting their nuclear capabilities which impacted Iran's own growing demand for energy.

Faced with the issue of limited energy, Iran has begun to invest in a very effective renewable resource, Wind farm in iran .

A shift in energy

As a result of climate change and extreme pollution, the 21st century has seen the world increase its use of renewable resources from hydro power, solar power and Wind farm in iran .

Iran does not have any rivers large enough that would produce enough energy for a hydroelectric dam to be an effective source of renewable energy.

As for solar power, Iran is a great county for solar power to be an effective source of energy its warm and dry climate would be ideal for a large scale solar farm.

However, with the extreme sanctions placed on Iran, the import of materials and resources to start a large scale solar power initiative would be extremely expensive and time-consuming, as materials would be hard to attain legally or cheaply.

With so many challenges and obstacles facing Iran's energy sector, they started to search for a more practical energy solution: Wind farm. Iran began really investing in Wind farm in the early 2000s and has increased the size and scale of its wind turbines.

wind farm in iran

Since its implementation Iran's wind farm in iran  has been generating increased amounts of energy, which has steadily been growing over the last 10 years.

With the help from International Persian Group (Iranian manufacturing company) and investments as well as resources from Indian (Sulzon Energy) and German (Siemens) wind turbine companies, Iran has been able to build a strong and stable wind sector very quickly and effectively.

In 2004 Iran generated only 25 megawatts with their wind farm in iran ; a year later their production grew to 32 megawatts, and in 2006 megawatt production increased again to 45 megawatts.

With this stable and consistent increase in electricity production, Iran has continued to invest in their wind farms, in 2009 their wind production had greatly increased, to 130 megawatts.

This was a result of the production of larger wind farms in more coastal and windy areas of Iran, such as Manjeel (Gilan province) and Binaloud (Razavi Khorasan Province).

With such rapid growth in the wind energy sector Iran is currently ranked 30th in the world for wind energy produced, and is a member of the Global Wind Energy Council.

Despite Iran’s impressive and effective use of wind farm in iran as a renewable resource and source of electricity, the current total of 150 megawatts produced a year is still just an extremely small fraction of Iran's annual energy consumption, which is an estimated 33,000 megawatts.




Invite to Invest

Iran’s Sixth Development Plan also provided for the installation of 500 MW of new solar capacity by 2018. Iran’s climate is diverse, and many of its regions are arid. Because the south, northwest and southeast regions receive around 300 days of sun per year, they are uniquely suited for solar energy. The Iranian government has prioritized the central region in particular due to its climate and proximity to the national power grid.


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