Why Wind Energy in Iran?

wind farm

Our wind energy development services include:
•    Initial energy resource evaluation
•    Meteorological Tower procurement and erection
•    Wind data analysis and evaluation
•    Preparation of all planning and permitting documentation
•    Technical due diligence
•    Interconnection studies & agreements
•    Community Outreach and Education
•    PPA negotiations and financial analysis
•    Engineering - procurement - construction
•    Operations and Maintenance Services

Why Wind Energy in Iran?
•    One of today’s greatest global challenges is the need for more affordable, reliable, clean, secure and renewable sources of electricity. Relying solely on coal, oil, natural gas and nuclear fuels to generate electricity is far from optimal.  Fossil fuels are neither renewable nor clean.  Their extraction, transportation and combustion generate air emissions, acid rain, water pollution, and, most importantly, CO₂ emissions that are causing climate change.  Moreover, fossil fuel price volatility and supply disruption can wreak havoc on local and national economies.  Nuclear energy raises issues of national security and nuclear waste disposal. Wind power diversifies our nation’s energy supply and reduces our dependence on foreign fuel supplies – which helps to strengthen our national security.

•    Wind power is a commercially proven, rapidly growing form of electricity generation that provides clean, renewable, and cost-effective electricity around the world.  There are numerous advantages to using wind to produce electricity.

•    It’s clean. Wind-generated electricity does not pollute the air, water or soil, does not create acid rain, radioactive waste, or generate CO₂ emissions which contribute to global warming.  Additionally, wind power does not consume the large amounts of water needed by other energy sources.
•    It’s renewable. Wind is the result of daily solar radiation.  Unlike fossil fuels, the supply of wind power is unlimited and cannot be depleted.  Wind resources are widely distributed throughout the United States.
•    It’s economical. The price of electricity generated by well-sited wind power plants is competitive with the price of electricity from new fossil fuel plants.  The price of wind power is not subject to fuel price increases, supply disruptions, or stricter limits on pollution. The price of fuel (wind) is free.  In addition, as governments fight the risks of global warming by imposing a price on carbon emissions, wind power will not be subject to this added cost.

It’s good for rural communities. Wind power helps to diversify the economies of rural communities, adds to the property tax base, and creates highly skilled jobs in construction, operations and maintenance.  Wind power supports agriculture by providing supplemental income for farming and ranching families while the land used for wind turbines can continue to be used for farmland and grazing.  Developing renewable sources of electricity means importing less fossil fuel from foreign countries, and putting our energy dollars back into the local economy.
•    It’s compatible with other land uses. Wind turbines and related facilities at a utility-scale wind power plant typically occupy less than 3% of total project land area. The vast majority of land remains free to use in other ways, including ranching, farming, mineral development, hunting, recreation, and many other activities.
•    It promotes national security and energy independence. Wind energy is homegrown.  It cannot be embargoed, and because the wind is free, it is not subject to the dramatic price volatility of fossil fuels.  Wind-generated electricity diversifies our energy supply, reduces our dependence on foreign fuels, and reduces the flow of our energy dollars to potentially hostile governments, which increases our national security.

It’s a significant potential energy source for the U.S. A Department of Energy study confirmed the viability and commercial maturity of wind as a major contributor to America’s energy needs, now and in the future.  The study concluded that wind energy can produce 20% of U.S. electricity supply by 2030, if the right government policies are put into place. Source: 20% Wind Energy by 2030, US Department of Energy http://www1.eere.energy.gov/windandhydro/pdfs/41869.pdf
•    It’s fast to install. Large utility-scale wind power plants are routinely built in less than one year.  By contrast, most other large power plants take years to construct.

It’s growing rapidly in the U.S. and worldwide. At the end of 2009, there were over 35,000 megawatts (MW) of wind power plants installed in the U.S.  That’s enough to power over 9 million homes. Wind power generation in the U.S. grew at an average annual rate of 39% from 2004 through 2009.  Worldwide, the growth rate in 2009 was over 31%. These growth rates make wind one of the world’s fastest growing forms of power generation.  The State of Iowa now generates over 17% of its electricity from wind, and the State of Texas more than 6%.  Internationally, Denmark generates more than 20% of its electricity from wind, Germany generates approximately 7%, and Spain generates in excess of 12%.

Wind Development
Developing a wind energy project is complex.  There are numerous elements to the development process, all of which must come together in order for the development to proceed to construction and then to operations.Site Selection:  Is this the right location?
An ideal site is obviously one with evidence of a significant wind resource.  But beyond that, the following considerations also need to be taken into account to determine if a site is suitable for development:
• specific terrain
• proximity to and available capacity on transmission lines
• access to roads
• environmental aspects of the site
• local, state and federal permitting requirements
• general support of the local community

Flexible Landowner Agreements: How will land agreements be arranged with the landowner?
Orion works closely with landowners to understand each landowner’s unique circumstances and needs.  Our wind energy projects provide an additional source of landowner revenue while preserving existing land uses. We take pride in working closely with the landowner throughout all phases of a wind project.  Typical easement or lease agreements have a pre-construction period during which Orion pursues permitting, grid connection, power sales, renewable resource assessment, site design and other activities.  The pre-construction period is followed by construction and then operations, which typically lasts for 30 years, with options for the project to extend up to 20 additional years at the end of the initial term.

Wind Resource Assessment:  Is there enough wind?
Orion’s wind resource specialists will visit a site to analyze the site’s characteristics.  Sophisticated terrain and wind flow models are used to estimate wind speeds and energy output.  Site-specific studies are performed by installing one or more meteorological towers on the site to collect wind speed and direction data.  A minimum of one year of wind data is typically analyzed to determine the economic feasibility of the project.

Environmental Review:  What are the potential environmental impacts of the project?
Orion conducts environmental reviews at potential sites in order to ensure that a potential project is compatible with the local environment.  Such reviews help identify any threatened or endangered species on the site, historical or archaeological features, and any types of bird and bat species or wetlands likely to be impacted.  The results of environmental assessments are used to determine whether a particular site is compatable with power generation, and if so, to establish a site design that will minimize potential environmental impacts.

Economic Modeling:  Do the economics of the project support continued development?
Once key project characteristics are understood, Orion estimates project electrical output, revenues, and construction, operating, and financing costs.  These revenues and costs are then input into a sophisticated financial model to determine whether a project is economically feasible for the market into which it sells electricity.

Interconnection Studies & Transmission Agreements: Can the electricity generated by this project be transmitted to the utility grid?
Orion conducts electrical engineering studies to confirm whether the transmission grid can accept additional electricity.  We then initiate a formal study process with the utility that ultimately results in an agreement to allow the project to connect and transmit electricity into the utility grid.

Permitting:  Can the necessary permits be obtained for the project?
Orion determines what permits are necessary and what environmental reviews and studies are needed or recommended to address environmental and permit requirements.  Permits may be required from local, state, and federal authorities and can include land use, environmental, building and other permits.

Power Sales Agreements:  Is there a utility customer for the electricity generated on the project site?
A reliable and creditworthy power purchaser or “liquid” energy market must be identified.  Power sales agreements are entered into with electric utility companies or power marketers who purchase the electricity, typically over long-term contracts.  Orion’s principals have originated and negotiated power purchase agreements for numerous projects across the U.S.

Project Financing:  How will financing be arranged?
Access to capital is critical for renewable energy projects.  Financiers will consider the development team’s track record and proven success.  Orion’s experience encompasses development and construction finance, term loans, and highly structured equity investment.  Orion’s principals have been involved in the purchase, sale, development and financing of thousands of megawatts of wind energy projects in the U.S. and overseas, and have developed strong relationships with a select group of financial institutions and energy companies in the financing of power projects.

Turbine Procurement and Construction:  What is the best wind turbine for the site and who is the best contractor?
Orion is not affiliated with any single wind turbine manufacturer.  This independence, combined with our experience working with all of the major wind turbine manufacturers, allows us to procure the most competitive, reliable, and technically suitable equipment for each project.  In addition, we have extensive experience  negotiating engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contracts for wind projects, and working with the major EPC contractors.

Site Design:  How are the locations of the wind turbines chosen?
Wind resource data, extensive field experience, and sophisticated terrain modeling software are used with consideration of landowner requests, environmental sensitivities, and/or permitting constraints to determine the optimal location for each turbine.

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Iran’s Sixth Development Plan also provided for the installation of 500 MW of new solar capacity by 2018. Iran’s climate is diverse, and many of its regions are arid. Because the south, northwest and southeast regions receive around 300 days of sun per year, they are uniquely suited for solar energy. The Iranian government has prioritized the central region in particular due to its climate and proximity to the national power grid.

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Fax: +982188548095
Email: info@ipg-co.com
Tehran Office
Address: #11, Savojinia Street, Pakistan Street, Beheshti Street, Tehran, IR